Who are the Artists?
The Artists Rifles have a long and glorious history. The Regiment was raised in 1859 from a group of painters, sculptors, engravers, musicians, architects and actors, as part of the great Volunteer Corps movement that grew rapidly in that year in response to a threat of invasion by the French under Napoleon III.
The Corps was officially named “The 38th Middlesex (Artists) Rifle Volunteers”, and its first effective Commanding Officers were Henry Wyndham Phillips, the painter, and Fredrick Leighton who later, as Lord Leighton, was President of the Royal Academy.
Other prominent people in those early days were John Everett Millais, Holman Hunt, and William Morris. Amongst their latter-day successors were Noel Coward, and Sir Barnes Wallis, CBE, FRS.
The Artists badge was designed by Wyon, the Queen’s medallist, who also designed the Queen’s medal and the badge of the Â National Rifle Association (NRA). It incorporates the heads of Mars, the God of war, and Minerva, the goddess of wisdom, the motto being “Cum Marte Minerva” (Mars with Minerva), representing war and the fine arts. The Artists served with distinction in the Boer War and, of course, because of the First World War, had an unavoidable break from Bisley, when they served in France. In this period they produced 10,256 officers.
15,022 men passed through the Regiment, of whom 2,003 were killed, 3,250 wounded, 533 posted missing and 286 taken as prisoners of war. Amongst them they won:
- 8 Victoria Crosses,
- 52 Distinguished Service Orders and 4 bars,
- 822 Military Crosses with 63 bars (and 6 second bars!)
- 23 Distinguished Flying Crosses with 3 bars
- 15 AFCs,
- 6 DCMs
- 15 MMs
- 14 MSMs
- 564 Mentions in Dispatches.
Between the wars, the Artists competed in major team shooting events with distinction, although they left what they called “pot-hunting” to individuals!